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Image by Aliis Sinisalu
Florence Doub, Founder and President

Known locally as “Miss Floy,” Florence Doub lived her entire life in a house on North Market Street in Frederick City. Early on, amidst the natural beauty that was abundant in the community, she developed a love for nature and art that reflected it.  


Miss Doub graduated from the Frederick Female Seminary and in 1878 began teaching art at the Women’s College of Frederick, located in the building that housed the Frederick Female Seminary and is now Winchester Hall, the seat of Frederick County Government. In 1818, Miss Doub extended

Early Leaders

her teaching to the Maryland School for the Deaf, where she taught for 51 years. Here and at the Seminary, she managed to work art and sketching into the curricula.  In 1893 she began a 27-year tenure as head of the Art Department at the Women’s College of Frederick, later to become Hood College. Miss Doub also taught art to children in her own studio and added parents and other adults to her student roster. One young student recalled that Miss Doub permitted her pupils to study only one component of art at a time, with extensive practice of the techniques and study of the development of that element before she would allow them to advance.  Inspiration, cooperation, joy, and happiness in the studio described Miss Doub’s character and approach to teaching.    


Miss Doub wanted to give back to her beloved Frederick in a way that would expand an appreciation and understanding of the arts among women. When she approached her friends about starting a local art club, the ladies were eager. The group began with intentions to expand the knowledge of the arts among club members and to use art to encourage the Frederick community to absorb the beauty that surrounded it. The Frederick Art Club was born.


A talented artist, a great organizer, and a woman recognized for her kindness, compassion and generosity, Florence Doub was an inspiration to many. Though her life was confined to Frederick, she held a wide-ranging view of what constituted art and felt that everyone had some sort of creativity if it could be identified and nurtured. Miss Doub served as club president for 35 years until 1932, instilling the goals and ideals that are our organization's foundation.

Helen Smith

After Miss Doub's death, Miss Helen Smith, also born in Frederick County, took over the president’s role from 1932 to 1937. A member of The Frederick Art Club for 81 years, she also served as director of the Art Department at Hood College and for many years produced numerous forms of art commissioned by regional patrons.  She was known for her watercolors and provided countless versions of decorative arts, including painted furniture, trays, lampshades, china, family coats of arms, silhouettes, and more.  

Margaret Scholl Hood

A charter member of The Frederick Art Club, Margaret School Hood is known for having donated the 28 acres on which Hood College now stands. In 1913, the Women’s College of Frederick was renamed in her honor. 


“Justice,” a large-scale example of "Miss Helen's" work, was commissioned by the Daughters of the American Revolution.  Painted in the 1920s and restored in the 1980s (she did both despite her advancing age), the artwork hangs in the lobby of Frederick City Hall.  Helen became a legend in her own time that covered a productive and meaningful 103 years. For many years during her lifetime, female artists were not well recognized or acknowledged. Noting Miss Smith’s inexhaustible productivity, one member quipped on the occasion of the club’s 120th anniversary, “If Helen had been a male, she would be honored with the largest statue in the park!”

Bessie Clapp

Another prominent woman artist in the Frederick community, Mrs. Clapp served as club president from 1937-1950.  Respected and loved for her leadership, she was presented in 1939 with a certificate of appreciation, illustrated by Helen Smith and signed by all the club members.  

Louise Doty

Miss Louise Doty was president from 1970 to 1974.  In her will she left a significant sum of money and a selection of art objects to the club.  Her gift enabled the establishment of art scholarships that continue to this day, supported by the Art Club and administered by the Community Foundation of Frederick County.

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